Quilotoa Crater Lake, Ecuador

On the Ecuadoran Andes, you can find the Quilotoa crater lake. As the name suggests, it is a water filled caldera and about 3km wide. It wsa formed by the collapse of the volcano following a catastrophic eruption about 600 years ago. The eruption is estimated to have followed after a dormant period of 14,000 years and is known as the 1280 Plinian eruption.. The fourth (of seven) eruptive phase was phreatomagmatic, indicating that a Crater lake was already present at that time. The lake is about 250m deep and is green in colour due to the dissolved minerals. Sources … Continue reading Quilotoa Crater Lake, Ecuador

Ring Tail Lemur, Madagascar

Lemurs are primates found only on the African island of Madagascar and some tiny neighboring islands. The Ring tail Lemur, is found in southern and southwestern Madagascar. It inhabits deciduous forests, dry scrub, montane humid forests, and gallery forests (forests along riverbanks). Ring-tailed lemurs also spend a lot of time on the ground, which is unusual among lemur species. They forage for fruit, which makes up the greater part of their diet, but also eat leaves, flowers, tree bark, and sap. They live in groups known as troops. These groups may include 6 to 30 animals, but average about 17. … Continue reading Ring Tail Lemur, Madagascar

Uyuni Salt Flats

Salar de Uyuni is the world’s largest salt flat, or playa, at over 10,000 square kilometres and is located at an elevation of 3,656 meters above sea level. The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes. It is covered by a few meters of salt crust. The crust serves as a source of salt and covers a pool of brine, which is exceptionally rich in lithium. It contains 50% to 70% of the world’s known lithium reserves. Every November, Salar de Uyuni is the breeding ground for three South American species of flamingo: the Chilean, … Continue reading Uyuni Salt Flats

Cocora Valley, Colombia

The Cocora valley is located in the Central Cordillera of the Andean mountains, in Colombia. “Cocora” was the name of a Quimbayan princess, daughter of the local chief Acaime, and means “star of water”. Across the valley, one can see the large palm trees. These are the Quindío wax palms (Ceroxylon quindiuense) , which is also the national tree of Colombia. There are a wide variety of other flora and fauna (some endangered), all of which are protected under the park’s national status. Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocora_Valley Continue reading Cocora Valley, Colombia

Iguazu Falls

Iguazu Falls are waterfalls existing on the border of Argentina and Brazil. Together, they make up the largest waterfall in the world. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. For most of its course, the river flows through Brazil; however, most of the falls are on the Argentine side. The name “Iguazú” comes from the Guarani or Tupi words “y” , meaning “water”, and “ûasú meaning “big”. Legend has it that a deity planned to marry a beautiful woman named Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe. In a rage, the deity … Continue reading Iguazu Falls

Lake Titicaca, Bolivia

Lake Titicaca is the world’s highest lake navigable to large vessels, lying at 3,810 metres above sea level in the Andes Mountains of South America, astride the border between Peru to the west and Bolivia to the east. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America, though by other measures Maracaibo is the largest lake. . It covers some 8300 sq km and is about 80km wide across its widest point. A narrow strait, Tiquina, separates the lake into two bodies of water. The smaller, in the southeast, is called Lake Huiñaymarca … Continue reading Lake Titicaca, Bolivia