Pachacutec , Inca ruler from 1438–1471

Pachacutec or Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (Quechua: Pachakutiq Inka Yupanki) was the ninth Sapa Inca (1418–1471/1472) of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire. He is one of the most important and powerful Incas of the entire Empire. In Quechua Pachakutiq means “he who overturns space and time” (though more commonly translated as “earth shaker”) and Yupanki means “with honor”. Pachacuti’s original name was Cusi Yupanqui and he was not supposed to succeed his father Inca Viracocha who had appointed his brother Urco as crown prince. However in the midst of an invasion of Cusco by the … Continue reading Pachacutec , Inca ruler from 1438–1471

Cu Chi Tunnels

The tunnels of Cu Chi are an immense network of connecting tunnels located in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam. They were the location of several military campaigns during the Vietnam War, and were the Viet Cong’s base of operations in 1968. Communist forces began digging a network of tunnels in the late 1940s, during their war of independence from the French. Tunnels were often dug by hand, only a short distance at a time. In heavily bombed areas, people spent much of their life underground, and the Cu Chi tunnels grew to house entire underground villages, in effect, with … Continue reading Cu Chi Tunnels

Agent Orange

Agent Orange is a mixture of herbicides that U.S. military forces sprayed in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971 during the Vietnam War. It was also the cause for much destruction during the war. Among the Vietnamese, exposure to Agent Orange is considered to be the cause of an abnormally high incidence of miscarriages, skin diseases, cancers, birth defects, and congenital malformations. The U.S. government has documented higher cases of leukemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and various kinds of cancer in exposed veterans. An epidemiological study done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that there was an impact of birth … Continue reading Agent Orange

The Cambodian Genocide

More on this horror The Cambodian genocide was carried out by Khmer Rouge under the leadership of Pol Pot, who radically pushed Cambodia towards communism. It resulted in the deaths of 1.5 to 2 million people from 1975 to 1979, nearly a quarter of Cambodia’s 1975 population. After capturing Phnom Penh, on April 17th, 1975, Pol Pot and the communist leaders set out straight away to transform the country into a classless society based on Marxist ideals. They forced people to relocate to the Cambodian countryside from the cities. They forced Cambodian people to work on collective farms and transform … Continue reading The Cambodian Genocide

Bayon Temples

More on the Bayon Temples The Bayon is a richly decorated temple at Angkor in Cambodia. It was built around late 12th century by Jayavarman VII at the centre of his capital, Angkor Thom. The Bayon was the last state temple to be built at Angkor and the only state temple to be built primarily as a Mahayana Buddhist shrine dedicated to the Buddha. The temple has three levels to a height of around 43 meters. The outer gallery on the first level depicts scenes from everyday life and historical events, while the inner gallery on the next higher level … Continue reading Bayon Temples

Check point Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War (1947–1991). Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of East and West. Soviet and American tanks briefly faced each other at the location during the Berlin Crisis of 1961. After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction. It is now located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin. Berlin Wall The original … Continue reading Check point Charlie