Ayahuasca, also known as yage, is a blend of two plants – the ayahuasca vine (Banisteriopsis caapi) and a shrub called chacruna (Psychotria viridis), which contains the hallucinogenic drug dimethyltryptamine (DMT). Indigenous people across South America have been using Ayahuasca for thousands of years, mostly for religious or spiritual purposes. It is considered a medicine, a way to heal yourself  and reconnect with nature. In 2008, Peru’s government recognised ayahuasca’s status, stating that it was “one of the basic pillars of the identity of the Amazon peoples”. Peru’s government also claimed that consumption of the “teacher” or “wisdom” plant “constitutes … Continue reading Ayahuasca

Do Nation States Matter?

There are more than 190 nation states in the world and many other areas are disputed among nations. The concept of a nation state is a modern one. Most nation states, seen today, were colonies of European powers a few decades back. Consider India – it was a colony of England and prior to 1947, the nations of Pakistan and Bangladesh did not exist. Yet people, cultures and societies existed. It is the same throughout history. Borders have changed. Lands have been won and lost. The Roman Empire covered much of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa – we … Continue reading Do Nation States Matter?


Zoroastrianism or Mazdayasna is one of the world’s oldest continuously practiced religions, based on the teachings of the Iranian-speaking prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zaraθuštra in Avestan or Zarthost in Modern Persian). Zoroastrianism has a dualistic cosmology of good and evil and an eschatology, predicting the ultimate conquest of evil by good. Zoroastrianism exalts an uncreated and benevolent deity of wisdom, Ahura Mazda (Wise Lord), as its supreme being. The unique historical features of Zoroastrianism, such as its monotheism, messianism, judgment after death, heaven and hell, and free will may have influenced other religious and philosophical systems, including Second Temple … Continue reading Zoroastrianism

The Elgin Marbles

The Elgin Marbles, also known as the Parthenon Marbles, but possibly rightly called the Parthenon Frieze, are a collection of Classical Greek marble sculptures, which were part of the temple of Parthenon and other buildings on the Acropolis of Athens. In 1687 the temple, which had stood for about 2,000 years, was largely destroyed during a war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire, which was then occupying Greece. Originally made by architect and sculptor Phidias and his assistants, the Parthenon is considered as one of the most important European icons from the ancient world. The Elgin Marbles collection consists of … Continue reading The Elgin Marbles

Wildlife Hunting and Conservation

April 22nd was Earth Day – an important date in the yearly calendar to mark and pledge support for environmental protection. As part of that environment includes the ecosystem on which we all depend on. There isn’t a single living organism who isn’t dependent on the global ecosystem for its survival. Within the ecosystem includes the rich diverse wildlife that roam our planet. A week later, many people were horrified to see a 2013 video of the current National Rifle Association President Wayne LaPierre kill an elephant after numerous attempts. As expected and rightly so, people were outraged at this … Continue reading Wildlife Hunting and Conservation

Project Black Hole

As described in Space.com “Black holes are some of the strangest and most fascinating objects in outer space. They’re extremely dense, with such strong gravitational attraction that even light cannot escape their grasp if it comes near enough” Effectively, a black hole is in a world of its own. Whatever is occurring outside a black hole doesn’t affect anything that is going on within it. Everything within it is unique to that black hole – kind of a hyper localization of matter (or whatever is left of it). What is therefore Project Black Hole? Project Black Hole is a concept … Continue reading Project Black Hole