The Amazon

The Amazon River is the world’s widest and largest river. It starts from its source Nevado Mismi in Peru (the picture above is from Peru) and ends up in the Atlantic part of Brazil. It has more than a thousand tributaries. The Amazon basin is the largest drainage basin in the world, with an area of approximately 7,050,000 square kilometres.

There is dispute on the length of the river with some latest measurements making it longer than the Nile River. A study by Brazilian scientists calculated the Amazon’s length as 6,992 kilometres and using the same techniques, they calculated the length of the Nile as 6,853 kilometres.

The Mouth of the river is wider as wide as the distance from London to Paris. The river has incredible bio-diversity and is home to around 2000 species of fish. The Piranha is one of the fish here in the Amazon.

At the time of the European conquest, parts of the Amazon lands supported relatively dense, populations of indigenous peoples who practiced intensive root-crop farming, supplemented by fishing and by hunting aquatic mammals and reptiles. The more-elevated areas were inhabited by small, widely dispersed, seminomadic tribes of Natives. In the early 1990s the Indian population of the Amazon basin numbered about 600,000. However, by the early 21st century the population had dropped to fewer than 200,000, partly as a result of deforestation and commercial exploitation on their lands.


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